Ha Long Bay is located in Quang Ninh province, 165 kilometers from Ha Noi, northeast Vietnam. It was twice recognized as the World Natural Heritage by UNESCO for its geographical values and unique beauty. Ha Long bay is a wonderful masterpiece which the Creator has endowed only Vietnam.
Ha Long Bay covers an area of 1,553 square kilometers and consists of 1,969 islands, nearly 989 have been named. These are mainly limestone and schist islands and most of them situated in two areas: the south-eastern part of Bai Tu Long Bay and south-western part of Ha Long Bay. The area recognized as the Natural Heritage is in the center of Ha Long Bay including HaLong Bay and a part of Bai Tu Long Bay.
Ha Long Bay looks like a huge water-colour painting with thousands of stunning islands. Visiting this place, you are able to relax with the peaceful and poetic atmosphere. There are many names given to islands according to their unusual shapes and forms. Human Head island( Hon Dau Nguoi) looks like somebody heading toward the shore, Dragon island( Hon Rong) looks like a dragon hovering above the sea surface, Hon La Vong looks like an old man sitting fishing, Sail island( Hon Canh Buom) looks like a big sails and Male and Female Chicken island( Hon Trong Mai) -two islands look like a fair of chicken . They take different shapes from different angles of view. You can image as you are in a fairyland.
In addition, there are a lot of splendid limestone caves with countless stalactites on the islands, such as Thien Cung, Dau Go, Sung Sot, Trinh Nu and Tam Cung. Coming to Ha Long Bay, you must not forget to pay a visit to these palaces. Other islands have the green ecosystems where many species of birds and animals including bantams, antelopes, monkeys, and lizards live on.
Furthermore, Hạ Long also has a great biodiversity with typical eco-systems like mangrove forest, coral and tropical forest. It is also home to thousands of plants and animals of numerous species, for example shrimp, fish and squid. Some species are particularly rare and can not be found anywhere else.
Another specific feature of Halong Bay is a community of 1600 people living on floating houses in four fishing villages: Cua Van, Ba Hang, Cong Tau and Vong Vieng.
Ha Long Bay is located in the tropical zone with the wet and hot climate. It is devided into four main seasons: winter is from November to March of following year, the temperatures drop to between 15°C – 20°C. Summer is from May to September, the temperatures increases to between 26°C- 27°C. Two others seasons: Spring and Autumn, climate is cool. The annually average temperature between 18°C – 19°C.
Due to its special values, Ha Long Bay was placed on the list of the World Natural Heritage for the first time in 1994. In 2000, it was listed by Unesco as the World Heritage for the second time.
Ha Long Bay is a pride of Vietnamese people. It has become an indispensable destination where attracts both domestic and international tourists.