On your next trip to Vietnam, you will surely be much surprised at the friendliness and courtesy of the local inhabitants. Viet people welcome you with such kindness that you will not risk to forget soon. Want to know this population a heart of gold? Read on. Various information about its origin, its ethnic composition, its evolution but also its demographics are filled there.
Vietnam’s population is characterized by high ethnic diversity. It consists mainly of Vietnamese , officially known as Kinh and 53 ethnic minorities .
According to the statistics of the UN at the beginning of 2000, the ethnic composition of the Vietnamese population is as follows: 85.7% Viet (Kinh) , 1.9% Tay, Thai 1.8% Khmer 1.5%, 1.5% Muong, Hmong 1.2% and 1.1% Nung. 5.3% are of other ethnicities and races from other countries of the world, such as Europe, South America, Japan and the United States.
According to the latest statistical studies conducted in 2012 by the World Bank, Vietnam’s population totaled 88.78 million inhabitants. With this number, Vietnam is currently in twelfth position among the most populous countries in the world. Its average density per square kilometer is around 253 inhabitants.
The size of the Vietnamese population has experienced strong growth since the end of World War II, with a 4% growth rate in the 60 latter fell slightly in the following decades to stabilize at 1% in the 90’s.
The birth rate is on the order of 16.83 ‰ according to data from the World Bank in 2012. As for mortality, it is also down since 1945. A value of 7 ‰ was recorded recently.
Vietnam’s population is particularly young. The average age of the population is 27.1 years for men and 29.2 years for women. Its life expectancy at birth is 70.85 years. Children under 14 currently represent 25.2% of the population. Elderly patients exceeding 65 have a rate of 5.5%. The rest is 69.3% are young adults from 15 to 64 years.
|Yeas||Population||Population aged less than 14 years old (%)||Population from 15 to 64 years old (%)||Population from 65 years old and more (%)|
|1950||28 264 000||31,9||63,9||4,2|
|1955||31 329 000||35,6||60,1||4,3|
|1960||35 173 000||40,1||55,5||4,4|
|1965||39 885 000||44,1||51,3||4,6|
|1970||44 928 000||44,2||50,9||4,8|
|1975||49 896 000||42,9||52,3||4,8|
|1980||54 023 000||40,7||54,3||4,9|
|1985||60 307 000||39,4||55,7||4,9|
|1990||67 102 000||38,0||57,0||5,0|
|1995||74 008 000||36,5||58,4||5,1|
|2000||78 758 000||32,1||62,3||5,6|
|2005||83 161 000||27,3||66,8||5,9|
|2010||87 100 000||23,8||69,4||6,8|
Source : ONU (2010)
The evolution of Vietnamese society
Despite many years of submission to foreign and endless wars that suffered the Vietnamese population, it has evolved. The development of this company has been especially noticed during the period of French colonization.
Before that date, a majority of Vietnam’s population was rural. The most popular activity was of course agriculture and livestock. Few Vietnamese were scholars at the time. In the early twentieth century, with the formation of large cities and the construction of railroads, other more important functions were created. Many Vietnamese held positions as traders and managers or worked under imperial authority.
During the colonial period between the years 1858 and 1940, Vietnamese society has been modernized. An important development was found on the different points, both on the economy, industry and trade. Despite the devastation caused by wars, Vietnam has managed to recover gradually. Since the reunification of 1976, the economy of this country knows a perpetual growth.